Carbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. With a type 1 diagnosis, it’s important to understand the role of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates or “carbs” are the main type of food that raises blood sugar. Other nutrients in food indirectly affect blood glucose levels and should also be taken into consideration.
There are complex carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates are foods such as whole-wheat bread, brown rice, fruit, vegetables and low-fat dairy foods. Since they take longer to digest, they cause blood sugars to rise slowly. Simple carbohydrates are foods such as soda, candy, cookies, cake and other desserts. They cause a rapid rise in blood sugar. They are also usually high in calories and sugar and low in essential nutrients. They should have a limited spot in a well-balanced diet.
- Understanding Carbs
- How Foods Affect Blood Glucose Levels
- Reading a Nutritional Label
- Understanding Portion Sizes
- How Many Carbs Does My Child Need?
- Low Carbs Snack Ideas