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Monogenic diabetes

Monogenic diabetes
Nicole Thomas

Sometimes diabetes is caused by a defect in a single gene. These types of diabetes are called monogenetic diabetes.

The two main forms of monogenic diabetes are:

  • Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) that may first occur in children or adolescents, but may not be detected until adulthood; and,
  • Neonatal diabetes that occurs in newborns and infants

Some monogenic forms of diabetes can be treated with oral diabetes medications, while other forms require insulin injections.

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